Located in the Xuanwu district of Beijing, Niujie mosque is the oldest and biggest mosque of Beijing. It is a central religious and social gathering place for Muslims in Beijing. Built in 996 AD, Northern Song Dynasty, the mosque was designed by Nazruddin, who was the son of an Arabic priest who went to China to spread the word of Islam.
The mosque was destroyed by Genghis Khan’s in 1215.After that, it was rebuilt and expanded several times. It was renovated in Kangxi Qing Dynasty and renovated again in 1949 when the People’s Republic of China was established.
The main buildings in the mosque include a Chinese inspired minaret, prayer hall and pavilion. Covering an area of 600 square-meter, prayer hall can hold more than 1,000 Muslims to pray. It has a great blend of Islamic and Chinese design. Only the Muslims can attend the hall. And there is a certain area for Muslim women. The front gate is only open during Ramadan and Eid ul-Adha (known in China as Corban) festivals.
There are many traditional cultural relics preserved in the mosque, such as ceramics from the Qing Dynasty and steles from the Ming Dynasty.